Kawakami 【河上】5 The Japanese surnames etymology dictionary.
Hokkaidou , Tochigi-ken Ootawara-shi · Hiroshima-ken Sera-gun Sera-chou . 土岐 of 土岐 . In Tochigi - ken Ootawara - shi told that Toyama - ken is out and renamed from Todi surname. In the presumption from tradition Meiji new surname at the original notation is "Toki." 戸岐 reference. 土岐 reference. Hiroshima-ken Sera-gun Sera-chou There is a belief that Shimotsuda was engaged in agriculture. Estimated in the Edo period. In Hokkaidou Asahikawa-shi told that he moved from Toyama-ken Uodzu-shi Matsukura in 1898.